People are drawn to the city these days. There living space is becoming increasingly scarce and densely built-up areas hardly offer any space for greenery. The construction industry could, however, become greener again: with houses that blend in with nature.
Environmental pollution, scarcity of resources and social inequality - many challenges of the present as well as climate change are concentrated in cities - sustainable urban development counteracts this
Prof. Nikolaus Hafermaas, Managing Partner Creation of the Berlin agency Graft Brandlab, on the sustainable development of architecture, urban planning and mobility By Prof. Nikolaus Hafermaas, Graft Brandlab
Green architecture combines construction and nature
Sustainable construction should make it possible to use natural resources to build houses. When selecting the building materials, the question of which existing raw materials can be reused or converted in a circular system should also be in the foreground.
Conserve resources and save energy
Sustainable energy sources such as photovoltaics or solar batteries ensure the power supply for green buildings. Such houses can obtain water from recycled rainwater, among other things. Architecture that does not harm nature and uses existing resources instead of wasting them.
Building in nature
The right location also plays a major role when it comes to sustainable architecture. A place should preferably be chosen where the ecosystem can be preserved. The land use should also be reduced as much as possible. At best, trees, bushes and meadows around the building are largely preserved before new gardens are artificially built.
Green label for houses
Green architecture is also certified by the seal. The most widespread certifications for sustainable building are the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) and the Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) - the oldest certification system for sustainable building. They take into account the effects of buildings on a global, regional, local and indoor level. Criteria taken into account include management, energy, water, land use, health and well-being, transport, materials, pollution, waste and innovation.
Sustainable house construction meets design
The close-to-nature house construction creates exciting designs. Green roofs, facades full of plants or houses in the shape of hills - architects have no limits when building green architecture. Trends such as vertical agriculture are also gaining ground in this context.
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