Modal fabric – The innovative textile fiber made from beech wood

Modal fabric impresses with its natural origin and versatile application. Compared to other materials, it shows many advantages and disadvantages. Immerse yourself in the world of Modal.

Modal fabric cover

Author: House of Eden

Modal, a chemically produced fiber of natural origin, is conquering the material textile industry through their versatility and impressive properties. The fabric is not only characterized by sustainability, but also by being particularly comfortable to wear. But what exactly is modal fabric? How is this made? And what makes it different from other textiles?

The article at a glance:

Modal: The natural textile fiber made from beech wood

Modal is a natural fiber in the textile industry and is characterized by its origin from beech wood. The manufacturing process begins with debarking the wood, followed by cutting it into chips. By using chemical substances such as caustic soda and sulfuric acid, the cellulose is then extracted from the wood. In a subsequent spinning process, the cellulose is converted into modal. The resulting chemical fiber based material of natural origin is spinnable and serves as the basis for the production of a wide variety of materials Textile items.

Products made from modal are characterized by their soft, smooth and pleasant feel on the skin. These properties make modal a popular choice in the textile industry, especially for products that require a high level of comfort and a natural texture.

Versatile applications of Modal fabric in home textiles and clothing

Modal fabric finds wide application areas in various industries. In the clothing industry Modal is often used for the production of Underwear, shirts and blouses used. Its soft texture and pleasant feel make it particularly popular for close-to-skin garments. In the home textile sector, modal is used in products such as bed linen and towels, where it is valued for its suppleness and durability. In addition, Modal proves to be ideal for Sportswear. The reason for this is the high breathability, which ensures a comfortable fit during physical activities. The versatility of Modal makes it a preferred choice in different industries.

Modal fabric outfit

Modal fabric compared to other materials

Modal fabric offers manufacturers a superior choice in the textile industry that stands out from other materials in several aspects. The manufacturing process using spinning methodology gives Modal a smoother, stronger and more absorbent structure compared to other fabrics. This makes it an attractive option in a wide range of textile products. Compared to other materials such as viscose, polyester, lyocell/tencel and cotton, modal is characterized by certain differences:

  • Comparison of modal fabric and viscose: Both materials are made from cellulose fibers and undergo a similar manufacturing process. Modal is made exclusively from beech wood, while viscose can be made from various raw materials. Compared to viscose, modal is characterized by higher strength, absorbency, heat resistance and a smoother surface.
  • Comparison of modal fabric and polyester: Compared to polyester, modal is a natural fiber instead of a synthetic fiber because it is made from a renewable raw material is won. This difference means that it can offer greater breathability.
  • Comparison of modal fabric and lyocell/Tencel: Both fibers are made from wood, but using different production processes. Modal uses fewer harmful chemicals.
  • Comparison of modal fabric and cotton: Modal is softer, more stretchy and less prone to wrinkles than cotton. The moisture absorption of the modal fiber is also around 50 percent higher. In addition, the production of modal requires less water and energy.

Advantages and disadvantages of modal fabric

Modal fabric has established itself as a significant alternative in the textile industry and is growing in popularity due to its versatile properties. The following table presents a clear overview of the positive and negative aspects of this innovative material:

  • Soft, supple and very easy to grip
  • High breathability and good moisture absorption
  • Cooling feeling
  • Long life
  • Suitable for Allergy sufferers and people with sensitive skin
  • More environmentally friendly than conventional materials
  • Wide areas of application
  • Very light (10 km of fiber weighs 1,3g)
  • Possibility of pilling (lint formation)
  • Sensitive to sunlight
  • May shrink if washed too hot
  • Slow biodegradability
  • Caustic soda and sulfuric acid are used in production, which are very corrosive to those working in production
  • Critical production conditions (high water and energy consumption as well as toxic waste products)

Modal fabric: A sustainable alternative in the textile industry

Modal is enjoying increasing popularity as a sustainable material within the textile industry for various reasons. The beech wood used to make modal often comes from sustainable forestry. This represents a contribution to the preservation of the Forest resources and to promote responsible forestry. The energy-efficient manufacturing process of modal fibers leaves a low ecological footprint, as do the low water consumption and efficient use of resources.

Modal fabric - fashion figures

Another plus is the Vegan Nature of Modal, as the chemical fibers have a natural origin. The use of a renewable raw material makes it an environmentally friendly choice. However, it should be noted that in some cases virgin wool is added to the modal fabric, which no longer makes it vegan power and raises sustainability issues.

Sustainable fashion made from modal is increasingly available from green fashion labels and organic textile retailers, offering consumers more conscious choices. However, it remains a challenge to determine from the end product whether it is a sustainable modal material. Potentially could digital product passports ensure more transparency in the future.

Offer for consumers who want to clear up uncertainties environmental label such as GOTS and Made in Green safety by ensuring certain environmental and social standards. Overall, Modal fabric is establishing itself as an eco-friendly and sustainable choice in the changing landscape of the textile industry.

Care tips for modal fabric: Longer enjoyment of sustainable textiles

In general, it is important to follow the care instructions on the textiles to ensure their longevity. Proper and gentle care will keep the fabric softer for longer. The fabric is heat-resistant and easy to care for, usually washable at 30° to 60° Celsius, with 40° Celsius being ideal. Both washing machine and dryer can be used, but it is recommended to use a clothesline to protect the material and the environment. In addition, the use of environmentally friendly detergents better for the environment. If necessary, a laundry net can be used to avoid friction with other textiles and prevent pilling. When ironing, the iron should not be set too hot. It is recommended to iron on medium heat with steam.

Modal fabric

Natural versatility and sustainability in the textile world

Modal fabric impresses with its natural origin and diverse application possibilities. The outstanding breathability and durability make it the ideal choice for clothing, home textiles and sportswear. Despite its largely environmentally friendly production, the critical aspects of the production conditions cannot be ignored. The use of chemical substances in production is problematic both for the environment as waste material and for the employees within the production facilities, who run the risk of suffering damage.

Overall, Modal presents itself as a predominantly sustainable and innovative option in the textile industry, although there is still room for improvement in some production processes.


What is Modal fabric?

Modal fabric is a natural fiber in the textile industry that is obtained from beech wood. It is characterized by its soft, smooth and pleasant feel on the skin, which makes it particularly popular for garments that are close to the skin.

What is modal fabric made of?

The fabric is made of cellulose, which is obtained from beech wood through the chemical process of extraction. The manufacturing process involves debarking the wood, reducing it into chips, extracting the cellulose with chemicals such as caustic soda and sulfuric acid, followed by a spinning process.

How do you wash modal fabric?

Modal fabric is heat-resistant and easy to care for. It can usually be washed at temperatures of 30° to 60° Celsius, with 40° Celsius being ideal. The use of a dryer is possible, but is recommended.


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